• Fri. Apr 16th, 2021

Russia launches satellite to monitor climate in Arctic

The Arctic has warmed greater than twice as quick as the worldwide common during the last three a long time and Moscow is searching for to develop the energy-rich area, investing within the Northern Sea Route for transport throughout its lengthy northern flank as ice melts.

The satellite tv for pc efficiently reached its meant orbit after being launched from Kazakhstan’s Baikonur cosmodrome by a Soyuz rocket, Dmitry Rogozin, the pinnacle of Russia’s Roscosmos house company, mentioned in a submit on Twitter.

Russia plans to ship up a second satellite tv for pc in 2023 and, mixed, the 2 will provide round the clock, all-weather monitoring of the Arctic Ocean and the floor of the Earth, Roscosmos mentioned.

The Arktika-M could have a extremely elliptical orbit that passes excessive over northern latitudes permitting it to observe northern areas for prolonged durations earlier than it loops again down underneath Earth.

At the fitting orbit, the satellite tv for pc will be capable to monitor and take photos each 15-30 minutes of the Arctic, which might’t be constantly noticed by satellites that orbit above the Earth’s equator, Roscosmos mentioned.

The satellite tv for pc may also be capable to retransmit misery indicators from ships, plane or folks in distant areas as a part of the worldwide Cospas-Sarsat satellite-based search and rescue programme, Roscosmos mentioned.

“As more activity takes place in the Arctic and as it moves into higher latitudes, improving weather and ice forecasting abilities is crucial,” mentioned Mia Bennett, a geographer on the University of Hong Kong.

“There is also an element of data nationalism that is feeding into all this. Countries, especially those that see themselves as space powers, want to be able to rely on their own satellites and data to inform their activities, whether commercial or military in nature,” she mentioned.

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