A brand new period in freeway security regulation begins in Canada on Saturday as digital logging gadgets that monitor a driver’s hours behind the wheel turn into obligatory in semi vehicles travelling between provinces.
The digital logging gadgets (ELDs) substitute using paper log books and efficient June 12 are a requirement underneath a federal regulation geared toward stopping fatigue in industrial drivers.
The regulation covers industrial vehicles and buses that cross provincial and territorial boundaries. Industry advocates welcome the change.
“It’s going to force [non-compliant trucking companies] to get into the game and be compliant and be safe or face the consequences,” Canadian Trucking Alliance president Stephen Laskowski mentioned.
The requirement for licensed ELDs will goal what he estimates is about 15 to 25 per cent of the trucking business that routinely cuts corners on regulatory points — in “an underbelly of our industry, a small but growing underbelly,” mentioned Laskowski.
Under federal hours of service guidelines, drivers usually are not allowed to drive greater than 13 hours in a day, and so they should have not less than 10 hours off-duty time every day, of which not less than eight hours have to be consecutive.
When the ELD regulation was being developed, Transport Canada famous provincial and territorial governments recorded an annual common of 9,400 hours of service violations by drivers between 2010 and 2015.
About one quarter of these had been for exceeding the utmost hours for drivers. Another 11 per cent had been convictions for working two every day logs on the similar time, or for falsifying the data in a every day log.
Nearly half of the hours of service convictions — about 48 per cent — had been for failing to keep up, or failing to provide, a every day log.
“For the industry itself, it’s going to be a great day,” Laskowski mentioned of the brand new regulation.
“It’s going to make Canadian roads safer and it’s going to make it a better industry to work in.”
He says about 70 per cent of the vehicles in Canada have already got ELDs, partly as a result of the United States in 2017 started phasing of their use.
The distinction between the Canadian and U.S. methods, he says, is that ELDs utilized in Canada should be topic to a third-party certification course of designed to make them much less vulnerable to tampering or data-hacking.
Veteran driver not satisfied ELDs will propel security
“They’re a blessing and a curse,” mentioned veteran truck driver Jesse Scobie, at a truck cease in Headingley, simply west of Winnipeg, earlier than a visit to California.
“You don’t have to write a paper log — that’s one good point. But they keep you under the gun with the electronic log,” mentioned Scobie, a truck driver for 25 years.
He says the ELDs are “just another distraction,” and he is not satisfied the gadgets will really enhance freeway security.
“There are times that it gets you preoccupied with it,” he mentioned. “It gives you a little red light, some annoying voice warnings.”
He says he is been utilizing an ELD for years, for the reason that gadgets grew to become obligatory within the U.S.
Even although ELDs turn into obligatory in Canada on Saturday, Transport Canada says operators will not be penalized for any vehicles that do not have an authorized gadget till June 2022.
Instead, enforcement measures will begin with training and elevating consciousness, Transport Canada spokesperson Cybelle Morin mentioned in an e mail to CBC.
“This period, which will be developed with the support of the provinces and territories and in consultation with industry, will give sufficient time for industry to obtain and install certified electronic logging devices without penalty,” she mentioned.
“Transport Canada learned from the U.S. experience in introducing electronic logging devices, including challenges with ensuring the accuracy and reliability of the devices,” mentioned Morin.
“To address these challenges, the department included a requirement for a third-party certification process to ensure that the devices will be tamper-resistant,” she mentioned.
Trucks that do not cross borders into different provinces are topic to provincial rules, and Manitoba’s requirement for ELDs does not take impact till December 2021.
Laskowski says the trucking alliance wished full enforcement of the brand new requirement to begin Saturday as properly however added that will not occur as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the third-party certification course of.
Companies now have a 12 months to get licensed logging gadgets in all their vehicles. Transport Canada says an organization referred to as FPInnovations of Pointe Claire, Que., is the primary one accredited to check ELDs for certification. Once a tool has been licensed, it will likely be listed on Transport Canada’s web site.
“These devices will have to be certified for anti-tampering, meaning at the end of the next 12 months, every truck on the road will be within the Hours of Service,” Laskowski mentioned. “And that is a big step for public safety and it’s a big step for the compliant industry that play by the rules, which is good for public safety and good for business.”
Potential for ‘malicious exercise’ exists: FBI
In 2020, the FBI within the U.S. put out a warning to the transport business that cyber criminals might “exploit vulnerabilities” in digital logging gadgets.
“Researchers demonstrated the potential for malicious activity to remotely compromise the ELDs and send instructions to vehicle components to cause the vehicle to behave in unexpected and unwanted ways,” the FBI cyber division wrote.
The ELDs monitor issues like date, time, location info, engine hours, and automobile identification information, the FBI famous.
Transport Canada says it’s conscious of the FBI report and has not obtained any experiences of ELD hacking in Canada.
The challenge of log books got here up when Winnipeg truck driver Sarbjit Matharu was convicted in a Toronto court docket April 30 in reference to a horrific crash on Highway 400 that killed 4 individuals in 2016.
The decide’s written determination says Matharu admittedly made a false entry in his log e book to make it seem he’d had sufficient sleep, in case he was stopped and inspected.
A sentencing listening to for Matharu’s conviction on 5 counts of felony negligence inflicting loss of life and bodily hurt begins June 21 in Toronto.